For such a grand event, you need a festive drink – the corks must pop and the wine must be bubbly.
Preheat the oven to 175°C/350°F. Butter cake pans, line bottoms with parchment, and dust with flour, dusting off any excess. Combine milk, some of the egg whites, and some of the vanilla bean seeds; whisk until blended.
Whisk together flour, sugar, baking powder, and salt. On low speed, gradually add some of the butter and mix until it resembles moist crumbs. Add half of the milk mixture and beat on medium speed for approx. 2 minutes. Add second half and beat for approx. 1 minute longer. Scrape down sides of bowl, then beat mixture for approx. 30 more seconds.
Divide batter evenly between the 8-inch pans. Bake for approx. 30 minutes, or until a toothpick inserted into center of cake comes out clean. Let cool for approx. 10 minutes before turning out onto cooling rack. Allow to cool completely before removing parchment paper from the bottom of cakes and wrapping tightly in plastic wrap. Chill in refrigerator for at least 30 minutes or up to 5 days; or store in freezer for up to 2 weeks. Make batter two more times, each time baking one 6-inch and one 10-inch cake together. The 6-inch cakes will bake for approx. 20 minutes, and the 10-inch cakes will bake for approx. 40 minutes.
To make buttercream, fill pot with a few inches of water and bring to a slow simmer. In heat proof bowl or bowl of stand mixer, combine egg whites and sugar. Place bowl over pot of simmering water. Heat mixture, stirring constantly, until the mixture reaches 70°C/160°F or the sugar is completely dissolved. Transfer bowl to stand mixer or use hand mixer to beat egg whites, gradually increasing speed, until they form stiff peaks and bowl and meringue have cooled to the touch. With mixer running, add vanilla, then add butter gradually, until all is incorporated and buttercream is light and smooth. This can take time; continue to beat until it comes together. Make the buttercream recipe one more time. Store in airtight container if not using immediately, though fresh buttercream is best for decorating.
Assemble each tier: level each cake by slicing off a thin, even layer off top to create a level surface. Cut each cake in half so each tier has four layers. For each tier, smear a dab of buttercream onto corresponding cake board. Place first layer of cake down on top of cake board, then spread thin layer of jam onto it. Place next layer of cake on top and spread a layer of buttercream on top. Continue until tier is complete and place in refrigerator to chill. Repeat with each tier.
Apply a crumb coat to each tier by spreading a thin layer of buttercream over the tops and sides. Scrape and clean spatula as you go to prevent spreading more crumbs into buttercream. Place tiers in refrigerator for at least 30 minutes to firm up before proceeding.
When tiers are firm, frost each with final layer of buttercream in the style you prefer. Return tiers to refrigerator to firm up for at least an hour or up to 24 hours. When tiers are firm, prepare to insert straw dowels: Measure and mark the 10-inch tier by centering an empty 8-inch cake pan over it and pressing down gently to mark where that tier will go. Do the same with an empty 6-inch pan over the 8-inch tier.
Just inside the marks on the 10-inch tier, insert straws (or wooden dowels) at 12-, 3-, 6-, and 9-o’clock positions. Mark where cake meets straw, then remove it and trim just below the mark so that it disappears when reinserted in cake. Push straws back into cake. Repeat process with 8-inch tier, using 3 straws at 12-, 4-, and 8-o’clock positions. Use buttercream to smooth over holes.
To finish cake, place cake board onto cake turntable. Dollop a tablespoon of buttercream onto board and center 10-inch tier on top. Dollop another tablespoon of buttercream on top of that tier, and use your hand and an offset spatula to gently lower the 8-inch tier on top, making sure that it’s centered. Repeat with 6-inch tier. Use piping bag to fill seams between tiers either with tiny dots to resemble pearls or a star tip to create a ribbon around cake. Decorate with fresh flowers or as you prefer, transfer to serving plate, and enjoy!